Eating disorders are a type of mental illness. These disorders are typically defined by eating habits and behaviors that are considered abnormal. Their eating habits ultimately affect their mental and physical health.There are many types of eating disorders. The main eating disorders include bulimia nervosa disorders whereby patients eat a lot of food and then try to get rid of the ingested food.
Anorexia nervosa eating disorder patients tend to eat very little amounts of food and have very low body weights. Binge eating disorder patients eat a lot of food in a short time frame.
EATING DISORDERS SYMPTOMS
There are many eating disorders symptoms that are peculiar to each condition.
Binge Eating Disorder
Eating disorders symptoms that are associated with patients with binge eating disorders include the following:
a. Such patients experience no control when they are engaged in periods of binge eating.
b. These patients tend to experience many sessions where they engage in the excessive and abnormal consumption of food. However, the only subtle difference with bulimia nervosa patients is that such episodes are not followed by any attempts to prevent weight gain.
c. Patients with binge eating disorders tend to overeat until they experience an uncomfortable feeling of discomfort. They literally stretch beyond their stomachs’ limits.
d. After engaging in binge eating episodes, these patients are overwhelmed by feelings of guilt or shame related to their actions.
Some of the symptoms that are exhibited by patients with anorexia nervosa include the following:
a. Anorexia nervosa patients tend to have an abnormal fear of gaining body weight.
b. Such patients tend to engage in various activities that are geared towards preventing any increase in their body weight.
c. More often than not, anorexia nervosa patients do not appreciate the severity of their condition. They tend to have the misperception that their situation is quite normal.
d. These patients tend to consume very little amounts of food. Consequently, there is clearly a negligible or no weight gain at all in such patients.
e. Anorexia nervosa patient’s self-esteem hinges a lot on their body image.
The symptoms that are associated with bulimia nervosa include:
a. The person will experience a strong feeling of not being in control when they are engaged in their eating sessions.
b. Persons afflicted with bulimia nervosa will have episodes whereby they eat a lot of food quite frequently. These sessions are then followed by strange behaviors as the person engages in activities to prevent gaining weight. Such activities include vomiting that is self-induced.
c. Bulimia nervosa patients’ image of their bodies impacts on their self-esteem.
When you encounter these eating disorders symptoms in a colleague, friend or family member, they may be indicative of an eating disorder. It may then necessitate the need to encourage the afflicted person to visit and medical practitioner and seek medical advice.